How West Point Makes Over 13,000 Meals A Day For Army Cadets | Boot Camp | Insider Business

At the United States Military Academy in West Point, a dedicated team of over 200 staff members work tirelessly to cook and serve more than 13,000 meals every day for the 4,400 Army cadets attending the school. Lunchtime is the most complex meal, as the cadets only have 25 minutes to complete their meal traditions and eat before returning to class. Insider Business was given exclusive access to the historic Washington Hall, where the meals are served, to showcase the meticulous process of preparing these nutritious meals. The cadets have demanding nutritional requirements due to their academic work, military training, and physical exercise, and the menu is carefully structured to meet these needs. The mess hall provides not only a space for nourishment, but also a place for camaraderie and team-building among the cadets.

Meal Preparation Process of Army Cadets

Staff Size

The meal preparation process at the United States Military Academy at West Point involves a large staff of over 200 people. This includes Army civilian employees who work as cooks and contractors who assist in serving the food to the cadets. The staff works together in a well-organized and efficient manner to ensure that over 13,000 meals are prepared daily.

Caloric Requirements

The cadets at West Point have demanding nutritional requirements due to their academic work, military training, and physical exercise. Therefore, the meals prepared for them are designed to provide them with the necessary calories to meet their energy needs. Each cadet is provided with 1,200 to 1,500 calories per meal.

Efficiency and Organization

The meal preparation process at West Point is highly efficient and well-organized. The staff starts their work early in the morning to ensure that all the food is prepared and ready for the cadets when they arrive for their meals. The meals are prepared in a systematic manner, with different teams responsible for various aspects of the process, such as cooking, assembling the meals, and serving them to the cadets. This level of organization ensures that everything runs smoothly and that the cadets receive their meals in a timely manner.

Menu Structure

Caloric Requirements

The menu at West Point is carefully structured to meet the caloric requirements of the cadets. The meals include a balance of carbohydrates, protein sources, and fruits and vegetables to provide the cadets with the necessary nutrients to support their academic work, military training, and physical exercise.

Nutritional Components

The menu also takes into account the nutritional needs of the cadets. It includes a variety of options, such as carbohydrate-based foods to fuel their brain health and support their academic performance. There are also plant and animal-based protein sources to support tissue and muscle recovery. Additionally, the menu offers a selection of fresh fruits and vegetables to provide the cadets with antioxidants and support their immune system.

Meal Service


The meals at West Point are served in Washington Hall, the historic mess hall at the academy. This iconic building has been serving meals to cadets for nearly 100 years and holds a special place in the cadets’ dining experience.

Mealtime Traditions

Mealtime at West Point is not just about eating; it is also a time for cadets to observe traditions and customs. For example, before each meal, the plebes, or freshmen, pour water for the upperclassmen as a sign of respect. These traditions help reinforce the importance of etiquette and discipline within the military.

Roles and Responsibilities

During meal service, each table has a specific role and responsibility. The cadets at the plebe end of the table are in charge of ensuring that the table is set with proper etiquette, including making sure everyone has their silverware, plates, and napkins. This fosters a sense of teamwork and responsibility among the cadets.

Optional and Mandatory Meals

While breakfast and some dinners are optional for cadets, lunch is mandatory for all. This ensures that every cadet has at least one substantial meal each day to meet their nutritional needs. The mandatory lunch also provides a time for cadets to come together and bond over a meal, promoting camaraderie and team-building.

Space and Expansion

Historic Mess Hall

Washington Hall, the historic mess hall at West Point, has been the central gathering place for cadets during mealtime for almost a century. Its rich history and significance to the cadet experience make it an integral part of the academy’s culture.

Plan for Expansion

In the early 1960s, there was a plan to expand the enrollment of the Naval Academy. To accommodate the increased number of cadets, the Army and Air Force Academy also planned to expand their enrollments. In 1965, a law was signed to start the expansion and construction at West Point.

Construction and Design

The expansion at West Point involved building out from the original 1929 mess hall. The construction and design of the new facilities took into account the need to serve thousands of meals daily and maintain the efficiency and organization of the meal preparation process. The new spaces were created to accommodate the growing number of cadets and provide them with a comfortable dining experience.

Post-Meal Routine

Call for Upper Class Rest / Brigade Rise

After the cadets finish their meal, there is a call for upper class rest or Brigade Rise. This signifies the end of the meal and signals to the cadets that it is time to move on to their next class or activity. The call allows for a smooth transition and helps maintain the cadets’ schedule and discipline.

Time for Finishing Meal

On average, it takes the cadets around 12 to 15 minutes to finish eating their meal. This quick turnaround time is essential to ensure that the cadets have enough time to complete their mealtime traditions, eat their food, and return to their classes within the allotted time frame.

Cleaning and Preparation for Dinner

After the cadets have finished their meal, the wait staff quickly cleans the tables to prepare for the next group of cadets. At the same time, the cooks start preparing dinner for later in the day. This process ensures that the mess hall is clean and ready for the next meal service.

In conclusion, the meal preparation process at the United States Military Academy at West Point is a well-coordinated operation that serves over 13,000 meals daily. The staff size, caloric requirements, efficiency and organization, menu structure, meal service, space and expansion plans, and post-meal routine all contribute to providing nutritious meals for the cadets. This comprehensive approach ensures that the cadets receive the necessary fuel to support their demanding academic and military schedules while upholding the traditions and values of West Point.

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